Sunday, June 16, 2024

SEWER RISING MAINS REHABILITATION

Sewerage systems are one of the most significant achievements of modern civilisation and lead a hidden existence. We rarely think about how wastewater gets to the sewage treatment plant and what effort is needed to clean it. Many of the sewerage systems are already in need of rehabilitation and especially the rehabilitation of sewer rising mains in the sewerage systems confronts cities and municipalities with numerous challenges. The
trenchless rehabilitation method Primus LineĀ® offers a custom-fit solution for this.

Many sewer rising mains have one thing in common, they are part of the operatorsā€™
critical infrastructure. Leakage has to be eliminated, because seepage from nonwatertight sewer rising mains carries the danger of environmental damage as well as of compromising traffic and building safety. This is associated with considerable costs. A permanent rehabilitation is therefore essential.

However, sewer rising mains that need to be rehabilitated are often difficult to access. They run in densely populated inner-city areas, in ecologically valuable or even protected areas, under rivers, railway tracks or main roads. In case of rehabilitation, it is laborious to take these pipelines out of service. Therefore, a short installation time and fast recommissioning have top priority for operators. New sewer rising mains are usually designed redundantly in order to be able to maintain sewage transport in the event of failure or repair. This is not the case for older mains. During the rehabilitation period, the sewage has then normally to be pumped out and transported to the sewage treatment plant by lorries.

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Failures of pressure pipelines arise by external or internal corrosion as well as by mechanical defects such as non-watertight connectors or longitudinal cracks. In many cases, the pipeline can still withstand the traffic load, but no longer the internal pressure load. Rehabilitation with other trenchless methods is often not an option. Their execution is more time-consuming, installation lengths are restricted and bends can only be traversed to a limited extent.

In view of these challenges, operators of sewer rising mains are increasingly using lining with inserted hoses for their rehabilitations. This method leaves an annular space between liner and host pipe. As with Primus LineĀ®.

Flexible and fast: Primus LineĀ®

Due to its properties, Primus LineĀ® is predestined for use in the rehabilitation of sewer rising mains. The system consists of the liner and particularly developed connectors. The three-layer structure of the liner, with the inner and outer layer made of polyethylene (PE) or thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with a reinforcement of aramid fibres in between, makes the liner flexible and at the same time extremely strong. Thanks to its flexibility, the liner can pass bends up to 45Ā° in the line run as standard.

Since sewer rising mains usually have no service connections, long insertion lengths are required. With Primus LineĀ®, up to 2,500 m at a stretch are possible. Liner and connectors are installed via small excavation pits, generally at start and end point of the section to be rehabilitated. Existing shafts can also be used for liner insertion. This has only a minor impact on the environment, traffic can continue to flow or protected natural areas are hardly touched. The insertion speed of up to 10 m/min reduces the total installation time to a minimum. Once the connectors have been installed and the integrity of the system has been successfully tested, the pipeline can be reconnected to the network.

If it is not possible for the operators to take the sewer rising mains out of operation for a limited period due to time and cost reasons, RƤdlinger primus line GmbH offers another solution ā€“ Primus LineĀ® Overland Piping can be deployed as temporary bypass and re-used afterwards.

Tested quality

Safety is important when transporting contaminated water. RƤdlinger primus line GmbH promises a service life of at least 50 years for its system of liner and connectors in rehabilitations and backs up this statement by vigorous qualification testing, such as cyclical load or abrasion tests.

In the load test, according to the ISO 15306 standard, a cyclic load of 75% to 125% of
the maximum operating pressure is applied to the liner and connectors under test to check their effect on the burst pressure. The result after one million unrestrained cycles showed that any effect of the varying internal pressure load on the burst pressure of the Primus Liner is not verifiable. The material did not show any aging after this test.

In the abrasion test following the DIN EN 295 standard, appendix 1, the so-called ā€˜Darmstadt Procedureā€™, a mixture of water and materials of different grain sizes is moved back and forth on the linerā€™s inner layer. For this purpose, a half-shell of the liner to be tested is fixed in a tipping trough. Here, too, the result after 600,000 cycles is convincing. The inner layer of the Primus Liner, which is made of polyethylene, is abrasion-resistant.

By means of the material tests in combination with a continuous factory quality control, the operator gets a safe and high-quality product for his application.

Time- and cost-saving alternative

Trenchless systems with annular space such as Primus LineĀ® are a time- and cost saving alternative to the rehabilitation of sewer rising mains with conventional dig-and-lay. Product and material properties relieve the operators of sewer rising mains through short installation times and fast re-commissioning.

The benefits of the Primus LineĀ® technology are also transferable to rehabilitations in
the drinking water sector. The system is approved for drinking water applications in more than twenty countries.

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